How to Grow Mushrooms: A Complete Guide


Asensio, if you’re looking to start growing mushrooms, you’ve come to the right place! Growing mushrooms is a rewarding experience that can provide you with fresh, organic produce right at home. But where do you start? In this article, we’ll take you through everything you need to know about growing mushrooms.

Here’s what you can expect to learn:

Topic Subtopics
Introduction What mushrooms are, the benefits of growing them, and how to get started
Choosing the Right Mushrooms to Grow The most popular types of mushrooms to grow and how to choose the right one for you
Preparing Your Growing Environment What kind of environment mushrooms need to grow, and how to set it up
The Growing Process How to plant your mushrooms, manage the growth process, and harvest your crop
Troubleshooting Common Problems The most common problems you’ll encounter while growing mushrooms and how to solve them
FAQs Thirteen frequently asked questions about growing mushrooms
Conclusion The benefits of growing mushrooms, next steps, and final thoughts

Choosing the Right Mushrooms to Grow

Before you start growing mushrooms, you need to choose the right type of mushroom for you. Different mushrooms have different growing requirements, so it’s important to do your research before you start.

Benefits of Growing Mushrooms

Firstly, let’s look at the benefits of growing mushrooms:

  • Mushrooms are packed with nutrients and vitamins that are essential for a healthy diet.
  • Growing your own mushrooms is a great way to save money on groceries.
  • Growing mushrooms can be a fun and rewarding hobby.

Popular Types of Mushrooms to Grow

There are many different types of mushrooms you can grow at home, but here are some of the most popular:

  • Oyster mushrooms
  • Button mushrooms
  • Shiitake mushrooms
  • Maitake mushrooms
  • Lion’s mane mushrooms

Choosing the Right Mushroom for You

When choosing a mushroom to grow, consider your personal preferences and the growing conditions you’re able to provide. Some mushrooms, like oyster mushrooms, are easier to grow than others and require less attention. Others, like shiitake mushrooms, have specific growing conditions that must be met.

Preparing Your Growing Environment

Now that you’ve chosen the right mushroom to grow, it’s time to prepare the perfect environment for it.

Preparing Your Growing Environment

Growing mushrooms requires a specific set of conditions. Here’s what you need to know:

What Mushrooms Need to Grow

Mushrooms need a dark, moist environment to grow. They also require a substrate, which is the material on which they grow. The most common substrates for growing mushrooms are straw, sawdust, and compost.

Setting Up Your Growing Environment

You can create a growing environment for your mushrooms in a few different ways:

  • Using a mushroom kit
  • Creating your own growing medium
  • Building a custom growing chamber

Using a Mushroom Kit

A mushroom kit is an all-in-one solution that includes everything you need to grow mushrooms. Kits are a great way to get started, but they can be more expensive than creating your own growing environment.

Creating Your Own Growing Medium

If you want to create your own growing medium, start by mixing your substrate with water until it’s moist but not dripping wet. Then, place the substrate in a container and add your mushroom spawn. Cover the container with plastic wrap and poke a few holes in it to allow for air flow.

Building a Custom Growing Chamber

If you’re feeling more ambitious, you can build a custom growing chamber. This allows you to control the temperature, humidity, and air flow of your growing environment. You can find plans for building a growing chamber online or make your own.

Maintaining Your Growing Environment

Once you’ve set up your growing environment, it’s important to maintain it properly. Here are some tips:

  • Keep the environment dark and moist.
  • Maintain the proper temperature and humidity levels for your mushroom variety.
  • Make sure your growing medium is free of contaminants.

The Growing Process

Now that you’ve set up your growing environment, it’s time to begin the growing process.

Planting Your Mushrooms

When your substrate is fully colonized with mushroom spawn, it’s time to move to the next step: planting your mushrooms. This involves transferring your substrate to a fruiting container and allowing your mushrooms to grow.

Managing Growth

Once your mushrooms start growing, it’s important to manage their growth properly. Here’s what to look out for:

  • Make sure your mushrooms are getting enough water.
  • Monitor the temperature and humidity of your growing environment.
  • Harvest your mushrooms when they’re ready.

Harvesting Your Crop

When your mushrooms are ready, it’s time to harvest them. Here’s how:

  • Use a clean pair of scissors or a knife to cut the mushrooms off at the base of the stem.
  • Harvest your mushrooms when they’ve reached their full size, but before the caps start to flatten out.
  • Use your harvested mushrooms as soon as possible for maximum freshness.

Troubleshooting Common Problems

Like any gardening endeavor, growing mushrooms comes with its own set of challenges. Here are some common problems you may encounter and how to solve them.


Contamination is the most common problem faced by mushroom growers. Contamination can occur when your growing environment isn’t properly sterilized. To avoid contamination, make sure to properly sterilize your substrate, containers, and tools.

Poor Growth

Poor growth can occur for a variety of reasons, including poor substrate quality, poor air flow, and poor temperature and humidity control. Make sure to monitor your growing environment carefully and adjust as needed.


Like any garden, mushroom crops can be subject to pests like mites and flies. The best way to prevent pests is to maintain a clean growing environment and use a natural insecticide if needed.


1. How long does it take to grow mushrooms?

The time it takes to grow mushrooms depends on the variety of mushroom you’ve chosen. On average, the process takes anywhere from two weeks to two months.

2. What is the best temperature for growing mushrooms?

The optimal temperature for growing mushrooms varies depending on the type of mushroom you’re growing. Oyster mushrooms, for example, thrive in temperatures between 55-65 degrees Fahrenheit.

3. How do I know when my mushrooms are ready to harvest?

Your mushrooms will be ready to harvest when their caps have fully formed and are at their peak size. You should also harvest your mushrooms before the caps begin to flatten out.

4. Can I grow mushrooms outside?

Yes, you can grow mushrooms outside. However, it’s important to choose a shady, moist spot and provide protection from pests.

5. How often should I water my mushrooms?

Your mushrooms need to be kept moist, so water them as needed. You can do this by misting them with a spray bottle or using a watering can.

6. How long will my mushroom kit last?

The lifespan of your mushroom kit depends on the variety of mushrooms you’ve chosen and the growing conditions you provide. On average, most mushroom kits will provide one or two harvests.

7. How do I know if my mushrooms are contaminated?

If your mushrooms are contaminated, you’ll notice a fuzzy, moldy growth on your substrate. This can be caused by a variety of factors, including bacterial contamination and improper sterilization.

8. Can I use coffee grounds as a substrate for growing mushrooms?

Yes, coffee grounds can be used as a substrate for growing mushrooms. They provide a good source of nutrients for your mushrooms and are easy to come by.

9. Can I grow mushrooms in a terrarium?

Yes, you can grow mushrooms in a terrarium. However, make sure your terrarium is large enough to accommodate your mushrooms and has appropriate ventilation.

10. Can I grow mushrooms from store-bought mushrooms?

No, you cannot grow mushrooms from store-bought mushrooms. Store-bought mushrooms are typically pasteurized, which kills off the spores needed for growing mushrooms.

11. How much light do mushrooms need?

Mushrooms don’t need light to grow, so it’s best to keep them in a dark environment.

12. How do I store my harvested mushrooms?

Your harvested mushrooms should be stored in the refrigerator. They should be used within a few days for best results.

13. Can I freeze my harvested mushrooms?

Yes, you can freeze your harvested mushrooms. However, frozen mushrooms tend to lose texture and flavor, so it’s best to use them in soups and stews.


Asensio, growing mushrooms can be a fun and rewarding experience that provides fresh, organic produce right in your home. We hope this guide has provided you with all the information you need to get started. Here’s a quick recap of what you’ve learned:

  • Choose the right mushroom variety for you.
  • Prepare the perfect growing environment.
  • Manage the growth process and harvest your crop.
  • Be aware of common problems and how to solve them.

With these tips in mind, you’ll be well on your way to growing your own mushrooms. So what are you waiting for? Start growing today!


The information contained in this article is for educational purposes only and is not intended to substitute for professional advice. Always consult a professional before starting any gardening endeavor.