Learn How to Make Gravy: The Ultimate Guide

For Asensio

Are you tired of lumpy, bland, or tasteless gravies? Do you want to impress your guests with a delicious and velvety sauce that complements your dishes perfectly? If so, you’ve come to the right place. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll teach you how to make gravy like a pro, step by step. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced cook, you’ll find valuable tips and tricks to enhance your culinary skills and wow your taste buds. So, let’s dive in and discover the secrets of making perfect gravy every time.


Gravy is a versatile and essential component of many dishes, such as roasted meats, poultry, vegetables, and mashed potatoes. It adds richness, flavor, and texture to your meals and can elevate even the simplest ingredients to a gourmet level. However, making gravy from scratch can be intimidating, especially if you’ve had bad experiences with clumpy or greasy sauces. That’s why we’ve created this guide to demystify the art of gravy making and show you how to achieve silky-smooth, savory, and aromatic gravies that will make your meals unforgettable. In the following paragraphs, we’ll cover the basics of gravy making, including the ingredients, tools, techniques, and variations. By the end of this article, you’ll be able to make not only traditional brown gravy but also white, mushroom, onion, and even vegan gravies that suit your taste and dietary preferences.

What is Gravy?

Gravy is a sauce made from meat or vegetable juices, stock, and other ingredients that are thickened with a roux, cornstarch, flour, or other agents. Its purpose is to enhance the flavor, moisture, and visual appeal of dishes, particularly those that have been roasted or pan-seared. Gravy can be served hot or cold, depending on the dish and the preference, and can be smooth or chunky, thin or thick, depending on the amount of liquid and thickener used. Gravy can be seasoned with herbs, spices, wine, soy sauce, Worcestershire sauce, mustard, or other flavorings to create a customized taste. Gravy can also be modified to suit different diets, such as gluten-free, dairy-free, or vegan, by substituting some ingredients or using alternative thickeners.

The Ingredients of Gravy

The key ingredients of gravy are meat or vegetable stock, fat, and a thickener. The stock provides the base flavor and aroma of the gravy, while the fat adds richness and mouthfeel. The thickener binds the liquid and fat together and creates the desired viscosity and texture. In addition to these core components, you can add other ingredients to enhance the flavor and color of the gravy, such as herbs, spices, onions, garlic, tomatoes, mushrooms, wine, beer, or brandy.

The Tools of Gravy Making

To make gravy, you’ll need some basic tools that are commonly found in kitchens. These include a saucepan, a whisk or a spoon, a strainer or a chinois, and a measuring cup or a scale. You may also need a roasting pan or a skillet if you’re using meat drippings, a cutting board and a knife if you’re using vegetables, and a gravy boat or a ladle if you’re serving the gravy on the table. It’s important to choose tools that are appropriate for the size of your batch and the type of gravy you’re making, and to use clean and dry utensils to prevent contamination and clumping.

The Techniques of Gravy Making

Gravy making involves several techniques that are crucial for achieving a smooth and consistent result. These include preparing the stock, making the roux, blending the roux with the stock, cooking the gravy, and adjusting the seasoning. Depending on the recipe and the preference, you may also use different methods, such as reducing the stock, deglazing the pan, sautéing the aromatics, or adding cream or cheese to the gravy. The key is to follow the directions carefully, monitor the temperature and consistency of the gravy throughout the process, and taste and adjust the seasoning as needed.

The Variations of Gravy Making

Gravy making is not a one-size-fits-all process, and there are many variations and improvisations that you can try to create your own signature gravy. Some of the most popular variations of gravy include white gravy, which is made with milk or cream instead of stock and is seasoned with black pepper and salt; mushroom gravy, which is made with sautéed mushrooms and onions and is seasoned with thyme and parsley; onion gravy, which is made with caramelized onions and is seasoned with red wine and beef stock; and vegan gravy, which is made with vegetable stock and soy milk and is thickened with cornstarch or arrowroot powder. You can also experiment with different flavorings and thickeners, such as tomato paste, miso paste, sour cream, peanut butter, or coconut milk, to create unique and delicious gravies.

The Table of Gravy Making

Ingredients Measures
Meat or Vegetable Stock 4 cups
Butter or Oil 4 tablespoons
Flour or Cornstarch 4 tablespoons
Salt and Pepper To Taste
Herbs and Spices To Taste
Aromatics (e.g., onions, garlic) 1 cup

How to Make Gravy

Now that we’ve covered the basics of gravy making, let’s dive into the details of how to make gravy step by step. In this section, we’ll provide a detailed recipe for traditional brown gravy that uses meat drippings and flour as the thickener. This recipe yields four cups of gravy and takes about 20 minutes to prepare and cook. If you’re using a different type of gravy or thickener, adjust the recipe accordingly and follow the same principles of gravy making as described above.

Step 1: Prepare the Stock and Meat Drippings

To make brown gravy, you’ll need four cups of meat stock, such as beef or chicken stock, and a quarter cup of meat drippings or fat, such as bacon fat or butter. If you don’t have meat drippings, you can use additional butter or oil. Heat the stock and the drippings in a saucepan over medium heat until they’re hot but not boiling.

Step 2: Make the Roux

To thicken the gravy, you’ll need to make a roux, which is a mixture of flour and fat that acts as a thickener. Melt four tablespoons of butter or heat four tablespoons of oil in a skillet over medium heat. Add four tablespoons of all-purpose flour or cornstarch and whisk them together until the mixture is smooth and bubbly. Cook the roux for two minutes, stirring constantly, until it turns golden brown and smells nutty.

Step 3: Blend the Roux with the Stock

Gradually whisk the hot stock and drippings into the roux, stirring constantly to prevent lumps or clumps. Keep whisking until the gravy is smooth and homogeneous. Bring the gravy to a boil and stir it occasionally to prevent sticking or burning. Reduce the heat to low and let the gravy simmer for five minutes or until it reaches the desired thickness. If the gravy is too thin, make more roux and add it to the gravy. If the gravy is too thick, add more stock or water to thin it out.

Step 4: Season the Gravy

Once the gravy is cooked, it’s time to adjust the seasoning to your taste. Add salt, black pepper, or other spices and herbs, such as thyme, rosemary, sage, or bay leaves, to enhance the flavor of the gravy. You can also add a splash of wine, vinegar, or Worcestershire sauce to give the gravy a tangy or savory note. Stir the gravy well and taste it to make sure it’s balanced and flavorful. If the gravy is too salty or spicy, add more stock or water to dilute it.

Step 5: Strain and Serve the Gravy

Before serving the gravy, strain it through a fine mesh strainer or a chinois to remove any lumps, bits, or impurities. Discard the solids and pour the gravy into a warm gravy boat or a sauceboat. Garnish the gravy with fresh herbs, such as parsley, and serve it with your favorite dishes, such as roasted turkey, mashed potatoes, or green beans. Enjoy your homemade gravy!


1. How do I prevent my gravy from being lumpy?

To prevent lumps in your gravy, make sure to whisk the roux and the stock vigorously and continuously until they’re fully blended. Use a fine-mesh sieve or a chinois to strain the gravy before serving to remove any lumps or bits. Add the liquid to the roux gradually and keep stirring to prevent clumping. If the gravy does get lumpy, don’t panic. You can use an immersion blender or a regular blender to smooth it out, or you can strain it again through a fine sieve.

2. Can I make gravy without meat drippings?

Yes, you can make gravy without meat drippings by using butter or oil instead. Simply melt four tablespoons of butter or heat four tablespoons of oil in a skillet and follow the same steps as for meat drippings. You can also use vegetable stock instead of meat stock if you’re making a vegetarian or vegan gravy.

3. Can I freeze leftover gravy?

Yes, you can freeze leftover gravy for up to three months in an airtight container or a freezer bag. To reheat the gravy, thaw it in the refrigerator overnight and then gently heat it in a saucepan over low heat until it’s hot but not boiling. Stir the gravy frequently to ensure even heating and prevent sticking or burning.

4. How can I make white gravy?

To make white gravy, you’ll need four cups of milk or cream instead of stock and butter or oil for the fat. Follow the same steps as for brown gravy, but omit the meat drippings and use milk or cream instead of stock. Season the gravy with black pepper and salt, or with other spices and herbs as desired. You can also add cooked sausage or bacon to the gravy for extra flavor.

5. How can I make mushroom gravy?

To make mushroom gravy, you’ll need one cup of sliced mushrooms and one cup of chopped onions in addition to the stock and fat. Sauté the mushrooms and onions in the fat until they’re tender and golden brown, and then add the flour or cornstarch to make the roux. Gradually whisk in the stock and drippings until the gravy is smooth and thickened. Season the gravy with thyme, parsley, salt, and pepper, or other herbs and spices as desired. You can also add a splash of red wine or balsamic vinegar to the gravy for a tangy note.

6. How can I make vegan gravy?

To make vegan gravy, you’ll need vegetable stock, soy milk or almond milk, and vegetable oil or vegan butter instead of meat stock, dairy, and animal fat. Use cornstarch or arrowroot powder instead of flour as the thickener. Follow the same steps as for brown gravy, but omit the meat drippings and use vegetable oil or vegan butter instead. Season the gravy with garlic, onions, nutritional yeast, soy sauce, or other vegan flavorings as desired.

7. Can I add cheese to my gravy?

Yes, you can add cheese to your gravy, such as Parmesan, Cheddar, or Gouda, to give it a creamy and cheesy flavor. Add the cheese to the gravy after it’s fully cooked and whisk it until the cheese is melted and blended. Be careful not to overheat the gravy or the cheese may curdle or separate. You can also sprinkle some grated cheese on top of the gravy before serving.

8. How can I make gluten-free gravy?

To make gluten-free gravy, use cornstarch or arrowroot powder instead of flour as the thickener. Follow the same steps as for brown gravy, but use gluten-free stock if needed and check the labels of the other ingredients for any hidden gluten sources. You can also use rice flour, quinoa flour, or potato starch as alternative thickeners.

9. How can I make low-fat gravy?

To make low-fat gravy, use a lean meat, such as turkey breast, or vegetable stock instead of fatty meats or greasy drippings. Use a non-stick skillet or a cooking spray instead of butter or oil. Reduce the amount of flour or cornstarch used in the roux and add more liquid to thin the gravy. You can also use low-fat milk or yogurt instead of cream, or omit the fat and use a pureed vegetable or a low-sodium broth as the base.

10. How can I make gravy for a large crowd?

To make gravy for a large crowd, multiply the ingredients in the recipe by the number of servings you need. Use a big saucepan or a Dutch oven to cook the gravy, and stir it constantly to ensure even heat distribution. If you’re making meat drippings, use a roasting pan or a baking sheet to collect the juices and transfer them to the saucepan. If you’re making a vegetarian or vegan gravy, use a variety of flavorful vegetables and herbs to enhance the taste and aroma. You can also make the gravy ahead of time and reheat it before serving.

11. Can I add eggs to my gravy?

Yes, you can add eggs to your gravy, such as hard-boiled eggs or poached eggs, for extra flavor and texture. Simply chop the eggs and add them to the gravy after it’s fully cooked, or poach the eggs in the gravy while it’s simmering. You can also add other protein sources to your gravy, such as sausage, bacon, chicken, or beef.

12. How can I store leftover gravy?

To store leftover gravy, let it cool to room temperature and then transfer it to an airtight container or a covered bowl. Store the gravy in the refrigerator for up to three days, or in the freezer for up to three months. Label the container with the date and the type of gravy, and use it within the recommended time frame. Make sure to reheat the gravy thoroughly before serving, and discard any leftovers that have been sitting at room temperature for more than two hours.

13. Can I reheat leftover gravy in the microwave?

Yes, you can reheat leftover gravy in the microwave, but be careful not to overheat it and make it too hot or too thick. Pour the gravy into a microwave-safe dish and cover it with a lid or a microwave-safe wrap. Heat the gravy on low or medium power for one minute or less, depending on the amount and the type of gravy. Stir the gravy and check its temperature frequently to avoid scorch