# How to Solve a 3×3 Rubik’s Cube: The Ultimate Guide

Table Contents:

## Introduction

Asensio, have you ever found yourself staring at a Rubik’s Cube, feeling both fascinated and intimidated by this three-dimensional puzzle? Solving this notorious toy can be a daunting task, but fear not! In this article, we will guide you step-by-step through the process of solving a 3×3 Rubik’s Cube. By the end of this guide, you will be able to impress your friends and family with your newly acquired skills.

### The History of Rubik’s Cube

The Rubik’s Cube was invented in 1974 by Hungarian sculptor and professor of architecture, Erno Rubik. Rubik wanted to create a toy that could help his students understand three-dimensional problems, and thus, the Rubik’s Cube was born. Little did he know that his invention would become a global sensation, with over 350 million cubes sold worldwide as of 2021.

### The Anatomy of Rubik’s Cube

Before we dive into the solving process, let’s take a moment to examine the anatomy of a Rubik’s Cube. A standard 3×3 Rubik’s Cube has six faces, each consisting of nine smaller cubes called cubies. The faces can be twisted and turned, and the goal is to align all the colors on each face, creating a uniform color for each side of the cube.

### The Notation System

Before we begin, we need to introduce a notation system that will help us describe the movements of the Rubik’s Cube. We will be using letters to indicate which face we are turning and in what direction. The six faces of the cube are labeled with the letters F, B, U, D, L, and R, standing for front, back, up, down, left, and right, respectively. We will use an apostrophe (‘) to indicate a counterclockwise turn of a face, and we will use the number 2 to indicate a 180-degree turn of a face. For example, to indicate a clockwise turn of the front face, we will use the letter F, and to indicate a counterclockwise turn of the back face, we will use the letter B with an apostrophe (B’).

### The Basic Method

Before we get into specific algorithms, we will introduce the basic method for solving a 3×3 Rubik’s Cube. This method involves solving the cube layer by layer. We will start by solving the bottom layer, then the middle layer, and finally the top layer.

### Solving the Bottom Layer

The first step in solving the bottom layer is to pick a color to start with. We recommend starting with white, as it is the most visible color and will generally make the solving process easier. The goal is to create a cross on the bottom layer with this color. To do this, we will first need to locate the white center cubie and position it on the bottom layer. We can then look for edge cubies with white on them and move them into place using a few simple algorithms.

### Solving the Middle Layer

Once we have solved the bottom layer, we can move on to the middle layer. The goal of this step is to create a complete second layer on the cube. To do this, we will need to locate edge cubies with the correct colors and position them correctly using a set of algorithms.

### Solving the Top Layer

The final step in solving the Rubik’s Cube is to solve the top layer. This is often the most challenging step, as it involves creating a uniform color on the top face while ensuring that the rest of the cube remains solved. There are a few different methods for solving the top layer, but we will be using the beginner’s method, which involves solving one corner at a time and then orienting the edges.

## How to Solve a 3×3 Rubik’s Cube

### Step 1: Solve the Bottom Layer Cross

The first step in solving a 3×3 Rubik’s Cube is to solve the bottom layer cross. Start by picking a color to start with, and find the center cubie that matches that color. Once you have located the center cubie, position it on the bottom layer. Look for edge cubies with the same color as the center cubie, and position them so that they form a cross on the bottom layer with the center cubie in the center of the cross.

### Step 2: Solve the Bottom Layer Corners

Once you have created the bottom layer cross, it’s time to solve the corners of the bottom layer. Look for corner cubies with the same color as the center cubie and position them so that they match the color of the adjacent center cubies.

### Step 3: Solve the Middle Layer

Now that the bottom layer is solved, it’s time to move on to the middle layer. The goal of this step is to create a complete second layer on the cube. Start by finding an edge cubie that has a color that matches the center cubie on the top face. Move the edge cubie so that it lines up with the corresponding center cubie on the side face, and use the following algorithm to insert it into the middle layer: F U R U’ R’ F’.

### Step 4: Orient the Top Layer Corners

The next step is to orient the corners of the top layer. Look for a corner cubie that is not in the correct position, and hold the cube so that the corner cubie is in the front top right position. Use the following algorithm to move the corner cubie into the correct position while preserving the orientation of the other corners: R’ D’ R D.

### Step 5: Position the Top Layer Corners

Now that the corners of the top layer are oriented correctly, it’s time to position them in the correct location. Hold the cube so that the unsolved corner is in the front top right position. Use the following algorithm to move the unsolved corner to the top left position: U R U’ L’ U R’ U’ L.

### Step 6: Orient the Top Layer Edges

The next step is to orient the edges of the top layer. Look for an edge cubie that is not in the correct position or orientation, and hold the cube so that the edge cubie is in the front top position. Use the following algorithm to move the edge cubie into the correct position while preserving the orientation of the other edges: F U R U’ R’ F’.

### Step 7: Position the Top Layer Edges

Now that the edges of the top layer are oriented correctly, it’s time to position them in the correct location. Turn the U face until you find an unsolved edge on the top layer, and position it so that it lines up with the corresponding center cubie on the side face. Use the following algorithm to insert the edge cubie into the top layer: R U R’ U R U2 R’.

## Rubik’s Cube Solver Table

Move Notation Description
Right R Turn the right face clockwise
Right Inverted R’ Turn the right face counterclockwise
Left L Turn the left face clockwise
Left Inverted L’ Turn the left face counterclockwise
Up U Turn the top face clockwise
Up Inverted U’ Turn the top face counterclockwise
Down D Turn the bottom face clockwise
Down Inverted D’ Turn the bottom face counterclockwise
Front F Turn the front face clockwise
Front Inverted F’ Turn the front face counterclockwise
Back B Turn the back face clockwise
Back Inverted B’ Turn the back face counterclockwise
Double Turn 2 Turn the face 180 degrees

### Q: How long does it take to solve a Rubik’s Cube?

A: The time it takes to solve a Rubik’s Cube can vary depending on the person’s skill level and the method used. On average, it takes about 2-5 minutes to solve a 3×3 Rubik’s Cube.

### Q: Is it possible to solve a Rubik’s Cube blindfolded?

A: Yes, it is possible to solve a Rubik’s Cube blindfolded using a method called the M2 method. This method involves memorizing the position and orientation of each cube and then solving the cube without looking at it.

### Q: Can a Rubik’s Cube be solved by randomly twisting the faces?

A: The chances of randomly twisting the faces of a Rubik’s Cube and solving it are extremely low, as there are over 43 quintillion possible configurations of the cube.

### Q: Is it possible to solve a Rubik’s Cube with only one hand?

A: Yes, it is possible to solve a Rubik’s Cube with one hand using a one-handed method. This method involves using only one hand to turn the faces of the cube and can be quite challenging.

### Q: What is the world record for solving a Rubik’s Cube?

A: As of 2021, the world record for solving a 3×3 Rubik’s Cube is 3.47 seconds, set by Yusheng Du from China.

### Q: How do I lubricate my Rubik’s Cube?

A: To lubricate your Rubik’s Cube, you can apply a small amount of silicone lubricant to the core of the cube and the contact points between the cubies. Be sure to wipe away any excess lubricant to prevent it from gumming up the cube.

### Q: What is the best way to hold a Rubik’s Cube?

A: The best way to hold a Rubik’s Cube is to grip it with your fingers on opposite sides of the cube, with your thumbs resting on the bottom face for support.

### Q: Can I solve a Rubik’s Cube on my phone or computer?

A: Yes, there are many online Rubik’s Cube simulators and mobile apps that allow you to solve a virtual Rubik’s Cube.

### Q: Is it possible to solve a Rubik’s Cube without any algorithms?

A: While it is technically possible to solve a Rubik’s Cube without using algorithms, it would be extremely difficult and time-consuming. Algorithms provide a systematic way of solving the cube and are essential for solving it efficiently.

### Q: Can I modify my Rubik’s Cube?

A: Yes, there are many modifications and customizations that you can make to your Rubik’s Cube, such as changing the color scheme or adding external pieces. However, keep in mind that modifying your cube may affect its performance.

### Q: How do I improve my Rubik’s Cube solving skills?

A: The best way to improve your Rubik’s Cube solving skills is to practice regularly and learn new algorithms and methods. There are many online resources and tutorials available to help you improve.

### Q: Can I solve a Rubik’s Cube in the dark?

A: Yes, it is possible to solve a Rubik’s Cube in the dark using a method called blindfolded solving. This method involves memorizing the cube’s orientation and solving it without looking at it.

### Q: Can I solve a Rubik’s Cube with my feet?

A: Yes, it is possible to solve a Rubik’s Cube with your feet using a method called feet solving. This method involves using your toes to turn the faces of the cube.

### Q: Can I solve a Rubik’s Cube while juggling?

A: While it is possible to solve a Rubik’s Cube while juggling, it would be an extremely difficult feat and require a high level of skill in both activities.

### Q: Is it possible to solve a Rubik’s Cube underwater?

A: While it is technically possible to solve a Rubik’s Cube underwater, it would be a challenging and potentially dangerous endeavor. We do not recommend attempting it.

### Q: Can I solve a Rubik’s Cube with my tongue?

A: While it is technically possible to solve a Rubik’s Cube with your tongue, it would be an extremely difficult and unhygienic feat. We do not recommend attempting it.

## Conclusion

Congratulations, Asensio! You have now learned how to solve a 3×3 Rubik’s Cube using a simple and effective method. With practice, you will be able to solve the cube in no time. Remember, always have fun and challenge yourself to improve your skills. Who knows, you may even become the next Rubik’s Cube world champion!

### Take Action Now!

Now that you have learned how to solve a Rubik’s Cube, it’s time to put your skills to the test. Grab your Rubik’s Cube and start solving! You can also challenge your friends and family to see who can solve the cube the fastest. Don’t forget to check out online resources and tutorials to continue improving your skills.

## Disclaimer

The information in this article is intended for educational purposes only. We do not guarantee that the methods described will result in a solved Rubik’s Cube, and we are not responsible for any damage or injury that may result from attempting to solve a Rubik’s Cube. Always use caution and follow proper safety procedures when handling the Rubik’s Cube.